Science

Community Business Connections – Northwest Solid Waste District, Boston Post Dairy, Flack Family Farm, Enosburg Health Center, Northwestern Medical Center, Cold Hollow Family Practice, Cold Hollow Veterinary Service

Community Personal Connections – Steve Wadsworth

Scientific Experimental Design – Plan & carry out investigations that provide evidence in support of explanations. Occupations/Fields Physicist, Lab Analysts, Research Scientists, Marketing Strategists

  1. Formulate and evaluate relevant, testable questions that arise from observation of phenomena, results of an investigation, or examination of models/theories.
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  2. Develop hypotheses about the relationship between a dependent variable and an independent variable.
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  3. Plan and conduct investigations to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence
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  4. Select and use appropriate tools & techniques to collect, record, and evaluate data.
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Scientific Analysis & Interpretation – Apply mathematical techniques to data in order to search for patterns and relationships (or their absence) that serve as evidence to support/refute explanations. Occupations/Fields – Clinical Data Managers, Research Assistants, Information Security Analysts, Auditors

  1. Analyze data using tools, technologies, and/or models to make valid and reliable scientific claims.
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  2. Apply mathematical techniques & concepts to represent and solve scientific problems. (Ex: ratios, rates, percentages, unit conversions, algebraic functions, statistics.)
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  3. Assess limitations of data analysis and interpretation. (Ex: control variables, sources of error, bias, sample selection, consistency, reproducibility.)
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  4. Analyze data and/or models and compare findings to known concepts, information, and principles to determine if the data or model makes sense.
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Scientific Modeling – Develop, revise, evaluate, select, and use models to represent and explain data, phenomena, relationships. Occupations/Fields – Environmental Scientists, Model Makers, Medical Scientists, Ecologists, Meteorologists, Operations Research Analysts

  1. Develop, revise, and/or use an evidence-based model to illustrate and/or predict the relationships between systems or parts of a system.
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  2. Evaluate strengths and limitations of different models in order to select or revise a model that best fits the evidence.
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  3. Develop and/or use a model (including mathematical & computational) to generate data to support explanations and/or predict phenomena.
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Scientific Explanation & Argument – Construct, evaluate, and defend explanations/arguments using appropriate and sufficient evidence & scientific reasoning, supported by multiple sources of evidence, including student-generated sources. Occupations/Fields – Lawyers, Agricultural Technicians, Natural Science Managers, Biochemists

  1. Construct, revise, and defend a claim/explanation supported by evidence and scientific principles.
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  2. Compare and evaluate claims, evidence, and reasoning behind competing arguments or design solutions.
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Communication in Science – Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information. Occupations/Fields – Technical Writers, Fish and Wildlife Biologists, Environmental Protection Technicians

  1. Critically read and interpret scientific texts and features (graphs, diagrams, tables, equations, etc).
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  2. Communicate scientific and/or technical information or ideas in multiple formats (i.e., orally, graphically, textually, mathematically).
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